Spiss giftslørsopp, Cortinarius rubellus
Spiss giftslørsoppen (Cortinarius rubellus) har vanligvis en spiss hatt, er kjøttfylt, og har gulaktige bånd eller felter på stilken. Inneholder giftstoffet orellanin, og kan gi svært alvorlig forgiftning selv ved små inntak. Spiss giftslørsopp er den farligste giftsoppen i Norge. Selv en ørliten bit kan ødelegge nyrene. En hypotese er at soppen er blitt giftig fordi den renser bakken for aluminium og farlige tungmetaller.
The deadly webcap belongs to a group known as the Orellani, all of which are highly toxic, eating them results in kidney failure, often irreversible. The mushroom is generally tan to brown all over. has a conical to convex (partly flattening with maturity) cap of 2.5 to 8 centimetres. Tawny to date brown with paler margins, covered in fine, fibrous scales. Gills ochre or caramel-coloured, changing to deeper brown with age. The stipe is 5.5 to 11 centimetres, 0.5 to 1.5 centimetres thick with a bulbous base. It is the same colour or slightly paler than the cap, and can have yellow fragments of the veil attached to its lower half. The flesh is cream or pale yellow, but more tan below the pileipellis and in the stem base. It smells slightly of radishes and has no strong taste.
The danger of Cortinarius rubellus was first recognized in 1972 in Finland, where four cases of poisoning had occurred, two of which resulted in permanent kidney failure. In 1979, three people holidaying in the north of Scotland were poisoned, after mistaking it for the chanterelle. Two of the three required kidney transplants. Twenty-two people were poisoned between 1979 and 1993 in Sweden, nine of which required a kidney transplant following end stage renal failure (ESRF). Among the edible species they mistook the mushroom for were Craterellus tubaeformis and Hygrophorus species as well as chanterelles. Craterellus tubaeformis can be distinguished by its funnel-shaped cap and ridges on the cap's underside rather than gills. (Wikip)